|A mu'awwil is a
person who places an interpretation on some words of the
Quran, or on a religious injunction, which is different
from the commonly-accepted interpretation.
This great classical commentator of the Quran writes in
his renowned Commentary:
``Those who interpret
differently cannot be called kafir.''
Kabir, Part I, p. 172)
(d. 820): One of the four great founders of Islamic
jurisprudence, he said:
``I do not call kafir
those who, by error, interpret differently from the
al-Haq by Shaikh Yusuf Ibn Ismail, p. 125)
``The ulama are agreed
that he who denies the ordinary meaning, and resorts
to interpretation, cannot be called kafir, or
Allama Ibn Hajar:
Commenting on the internecine warfare between two groups
of the Companions of the Holy Prophet during the reign of
the fourth Caliph, he said:
cannot be expelled from Islam due to this fighting.
Both groups are equal in this. There is no sin or
defect in either one of them because we have shown
that each of the two did an interpretation [of a
Quranic command] such that neither interpretation
could definitely be called wrong.''
al-Badia by Shaikh Yusuf ibn Ismail, p. 68)
Shi`rani: He wrote as follows:
``Some ulama have
dared call the mu'awwil as kafir, but
the majority are opposed to this ruling.''
wal-Jawahir, Part II, p. 111)
``The argument of
those who say that the mu'awwils cannot be
called kafir is that because they have recited
the Kalima, `There is no god but Allah, and
Muhammad is the messenger of Allah', their honour,
life and property are protected, and we do not find
any evidence that an error of interpretation amounts
al-Rawayani and other ulama of Baghdad say that no
one belonging to the religion of Islam can be called kafir
because the Holy Prophet has said that he who says
prayers as we do, and faces our Qibla, and eats our
slaughtered meat, he has the same rights and
obligations as we do.''